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Popular financial markets include crypto, stock, forex, and derivatives markets. Available assets are usually accessible via trades on regulated exchange platforms or over-the-counter (OTC) options.

Stocks and cryptocurrencies are two of the most popularly traded assets in today’s financial market. Every day, people exchange money for stocks and hold them hoping for some profit if their value increases. The cryptocurrency market is no different, as many people use digital assets as a medium of exchange and a store of value.

What Is Cryptocurrency?

A cryptocurrency is a digital currency that only exists on a blockchain and uses cryptographic methods to encrypt and process transactions. Cryptocurrencies typically do not have central regulatory authorities that issue or control transactions or assets. In most cases, cryptocurrencies are decentralized assets operated on public ledgers operated by thousands of nodes worldwide. Cryptocurrency trading takes place on exchange platforms like Binance and Coinbase. Popular examples of cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH).

What Is Stock?

A stock is an asset that comprises a company or corporation’s shares. Purchasing stock enables the holder to receive a fraction of ownership in a company. While stocks are a broader term, units purchased by individual or corporate owners are called shares.

Like cryptocurrencies, stocks are mostly traded on exchanges. Anyone interested in owning a part of a listed company can buy shares on exchanges like the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the NASDAQ. The number of shares owned may give shareholders some leverage depending on the company’s rules and policies regarding shareholders. However, prospective shareholders should note that while stocks provide shareholders with voting rights and access to dividends, ownership does not directly translate to control.

Critical Differences Between Crypto and Stocks

While cryptocurrencies and stocks have some similarities, both financial assets are significantly different. The following are some of the primary differences between crypto and stocks.


Owning cryptocurrencies is considerably easier than purchasing stock. To buy any asset traded on a crypto exchange, the intending buyer only needs to provide enough information required to satisfy the exchange’s KYC requirement. On the other hand, purchasing a company’s shares may not always be as straightforward. Stock exchanges usually require more details than crypto exchanges demand.


Crypto regulation is undefined in many parts of the world. The differences in national policies vary significantly between countries, sometimes causing crypto exchanges to suspend activities in certain regions. Most of the cryptocurrency market is unregulated — a major source of concern for crypto exchanges, service providers, and retail players alike. The stock market is more regulated. Nearly every country has a securities exchange commission or an equivalent agency that regulates the market to protect user funds and regulate company listed on exchanges.


The stock and cryptocurrency markets are very volatile. Owing to several reasons, including economic factors such as supply and demand, the prices of assets in these markets can swing significantly. However, the cryptocurrency market is very notorious for its sudden and significant changes in value. For instance, BTC started 2021 trading near $29,000. By mid-March, it climbed to $59,000 and crashed to $31,000 in June.

Scams and Security Risks

The crypto market is rife with scams. Several fake coin projects have swindled unsuspecting users who eventually lose hundreds of millions of dollars each year. Centralized crypto exchanges are also very prone to hacks. However, people are much less likely to be hacked while trading in the stock market.

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Pros and Cons

Regardless of their differences, both markets have particular merits and demerits, including the following:

Pros of Investing in Cryptocurrency

  • Available Options: The cryptocurrency market currently has several thousand cryptocurrencies constantly traded every day. This provides people with various options depending on personal preferences and interests.
  • Hedge Against Fiat Inflation: In very few cases, the cryptocurrency market may mirror price movements in the traditional market. However, crypto assets provide a hedge for traders due to their decentralized nature. Since no authority can print and cause inflation on a whim, cryptocurrencies usually maintain some scarcity.
  • Potentially Bigger Returns: The inherent volatility in crypto markets allows players to enjoy more significant returns in a bull market. Many people have made hefty sums of money simply by buying and holding.
  • Privacy: Crypto transactions are powered by blockchain technology and are therefore pseudonymous. Although crypto wallets and amount details are publicly available for most cryptocurrencies, third parties can't trace amounts to specific individuals if there is no prior information linking the wallet address to the owner.

Cons of Investing in Cryptocurrency

  • Extreme Volatility: The price swings recorded in the cryptocurrency market could easily be the difference between gains and losses. When prices drop, holders may risk losing nearly the entire value of their initial investment. In some cases, there is little to no hope that fortunes are recoverable.
  • Intrinsic Value: One of the major criticisms against cryptocurrencies is a lack or inadequacy in intrinsic value. To many people, cryptocurrencies have no inherent value and don't carry as much weight or importance as stocks do.
  • Regulation: Cryptocurrency regulation is ambiguous in many jurisdictions. This regulation may also change with little to no notice. Government regulations against cryptocurrency could easily change the market and cause prices to plunge.

Pros of Investing in Stocks

  • Verifiable History: The stock market has a long and verifiable track record of success. Although stocks are also volatile, many are reliable and able to maintain their prices and general value in the long term.
  • Regulatory Oversight: Government regulation makes the stock market a safer way to invest funds. Several financial institutions serve as watchdogs that adequately curb companies. Regulatory oversight also makes it difficult for stakeholders to engage in insider trading.
  • Provable Intrinsic Value: Trusting the stock market is much easier because shares represent some ownership in known and functioning companies. Investors can buy shares and rest assured that they have contributed to a successful and long-standing company instead of the uncertainty around the cryptocurrency market.

Cons of Investing in Stocks

  • Lower Returns: Investors may find it difficult to make noteworthy income from investing in the stock market. An index like the S&P 500 may take several years before investors can receive 10% returns. In the crypto market, some traders can make more than 10% in a few hours.
  • Risk: The stock market is risky and volatile. Anyone can lose money to lousy company decisions, government regulations, or macroeconomic factors.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 25 Apr 2022 21:50:03 GMTWhat Are Wrapped Tokens?Wrapped Tokens: Bridging the Blockchain Space

A wrapped crypto token is a converted version of a cryptocurrency or asset that functions on a network other than the original asset’s blockchain. Each wrapped token has the same value as the asset it represents and is easily interchangeable. Wrapped tokens essentially represent crypto assets on non-native blockchains. These tokens are “wrapped” because they are inserted into a wrapper or digital vault that allows the wrapped version to operate on a different blockchain.

A wrapped token is similar to a stablecoin since they both get their values from another asset. However, while many stablecoin solutions offer services that peg their values to fiat currencies, precious metals, cryptocurrencies, and several other assets, wrapped tokens can only be pegged to crypto assets native to another blockchain.

For example, Wrapped Bitcoin or WBTC is a tokenized version of Bitcoin on the Ethereum blockchain. Wrapped ERC-20 tokens like WBTC have the same value as the related asset and maintain this value through a smart contract algorithm that replicates BTC’s price in real-time and regulates WBTC supply. At all times, 1 BTC is equal to 1 BTC. Likewise, for each 1 WBTC, there is an equivalent 1 BTC locked up in an escrowed smart contract as equal collateral.

How Do Wrapped Tokens Work?

Wrapping a token generally requires a custodian that guarantees that the wrapped version maintains the same value as the original token. The custodian may be a smart contract, multisignature wallet (multisig wallet), or a DAO. Custodians hold the original token and “wrap” it through a process known as minting.

Minted wrapped tokens transfer to the applicable blockchain for their intended purpose. However, the custodian can also “unwrap” the minted token and return it to its original form through a process known as burning. Throughout the minting and burning processes, the original cryptocurrency and wrapped token both have the same value and are represented in a one-to-one fashion.

Types of Wrapped Tokens

There are two main types of wrapped crypto tokens — redeemable and cash-settled. While cash-settled tokens can't be exchanged for the underlying crypto asset, redeemable tokens can be.

Ethereum vs. Bitcoin: Wrapped Tokens on Each Blockchain

Considering Ethereum vs. Bitcoin in relation to their interoperability and functionality, wrapped tokens play a key role in bridging the two blockchains.

Wrapped tokens on Ethereum are tokens from other blockchains designed to be compliant with the ERC-20 token standard. However, Etherereum (ETH) went live before the ERC-20 standard existed, requiring many dApp users to switch between Ethereum (ETH) and ERC-20 tokens. A Wrapped ETH token then became necessary for minting and burning tokens on the Ethereum network. Wrapped ETH (WETH) is a version of ETH compliant with the ERC-20 standard. Essentially, WETH is a tokenized version of Ether on Ethereum that has usability beyond paying for transaction fees (gas).

The Bitcoin (BTC) blockchain operates differently. Since BTC can't function on the Ethereum blockchain, Wrapped Bitcoin (WBTC) replaces the original BTC on the Ethereum network. WBTC allows users to take advantage of Bitcoin on the Ethereum blockchain for transactions on a decentralized exchange or via dApps within its DeFi ecosystem.

According to , the following are the top five wrapped tokens ranked by total market capitalization as of April 2022.

  1. Wrapped Bitcoin (WBTC)
  2. renBTC (RENBTC)
  3. Wrapped NXM (WNXM)
  4. THORChain (RUNE)
  5. pTokens BTC (PBTC)
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Benefits and Limitations of Wrapped Tokens

As with every other token, wrapped tokens have benefits and limitations. Transacting wrapped tokens requires users to understand these benefits and drawbacks, as they affect token functionality in the blockchain and DeFi space.


  • Interoperability: The primary advantage that wrapped tokens offer the crypto space is interoperability. Unlike in the early days of blockchain tech, people can now use Bitcoin on the Ethereum blockchain via wrapping. Wrapped tokens make it easy for anyone to enjoy basic interoperability while building or running DApps.
  • Liquidity: Wrapped tokens significantly increase an asset’s liquidity since it can be easily traded and used on non-native networks, whether via centralized (fiat currencies) or decentralized (cryptocurrencies) systems.
  • Transaction Speed: Another significant benefit is transaction speed. For instance, sending BTC on the Bitcoin blockchain takes longer than sending WBTC on the Ethereum network.
  • Transaction Fees: In some cases, required costs for transacting wrapped tokens can be lower than transacting with the original assets. For example, many projects originally based on the Ethereum blockchain launched wrapped tokens on the BNB chain to significantly reduce gas fees.


  • Custodian Reliance: Wrapped tokens rely on a custodian to facilitate minting (wrapping) and burning (unwrapping). A breach or flaw in the custodian’s design will directly affect the minting or burning process.
  • Centralization: The adoption of decentralized systems is a critical selling and adoption point for cryptocurrencies. Since custodians mint and burn wrapped tokens, centralization or trusting an escrowed contract is nearly inevitable.
  • Wrapping Cost: There are costs to minting and wrapping tokens. These processes require gas fees which may outweigh the benefits.

Wrapped Tokens and DeFi

Many crypto enthusiasts consider wrapped tokens a much-needed solution because they allow users to access more blockchain networks. Wrapped tokens also increase asset functionality, expanding asset use cases on DeFi apps, which either might not exist or have limited functionality on the asset's native blockchain network. Wrapped tokens have made crypto assets more efficient and contributed to the growth of decentralized finance.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 18 Apr 2022 13:25:10 GMTWhat Is a Bull Market?Crypto Bull Market vs. Bear Market: An Overview

A bull market is a condition where asset prices increase over an extended period. Markets or assets may also be considered bullish when there is an expected price increase in the short term. Bull markets have high optimism, community confidence, and expectations that asset prices will continue to rise into the near, medium, and potentially even long-term future.

There is no specific metric used to identify a bullish market. However, when asset prices rise 20% from their most recent low, with signs that the increase will continue.

What Causes a Bull Market?

A bull run or bull market usually begins when buyers believe that prices will increase and remain high. This can spur from fundamental or technical analysis, as well as overall market sentiment. The increased optimism from these buyers prompts other participants to buy into the market for increased potential ROI (return on investment), eventually spiking asset prices.

There are other factors that cause a bull market to emerge in traditional finance. These include a strong GDP (gross domestic product) and low unemployment rates. Favorable markets and all-around encouraging economic conditions are also vital factors that can increase the chance of a bull market.

Characteristics of a Bull Market

Bull markets are not only characterized by the sustained rise of asset prices, but also by economic conditions and market views. Typical signs of a crypto bull market are:

  • Strong Demand — An increase in the demand for an asset with limited supply causes a steady rise as supply weakens.
  • Confidence of Market Participants — The number of buyers increases when participants are generally positive. A sustained market ultimately makes the market bullish and keeps prices healthy.
  • Strong Positive Media Presence — Constant international casinoss and positive headlines about cryptocurrency in mainstream and online media increase awareness and adoption of crypto assets and attract more buyers.  
  • Economic Conditions — The crypto market has become a failsafe for many people across the world. In situations where a nation’s economy is at an imbalance or shows signs of a crash, many people hedge their funds by buying cryptocurrencies through a centralized exchange or decentralized exchange.

How to Take Advantage of a Bull Market

All crypto community members aim to profit off the market by selling, buying, hodling, or engaging in margin trading. Although market volatility makes it very difficult to predict the best times to trade, people maximize profits using one or more of the following strategies:

Buy and Hold — This involves buying an asset, holding it for an extended period, and selling it at the peak of a bull run. High optimism and confidence are usually associated with this strategy.

Incremental Buy and Hold — This variation of the buy-and-hold strategy involves the incremental purchase of an asset as the price increases in a bull market. Traders may consider using a predetermined percentage rise in price or a pre-set value increase. Added increments can be fixed amounts or vary according to changes in price.

Retracement Additions — A retracement is a brief period in a bull market where the price of an asset reverses. Traders who miss out on buying an asset at a low price sometimes wait for price retracements before making another purchase. This helps the buyer to take advantage of a subsequent rise, and lowers their average buying price of the asset.

What Is a Bear Market?

A bear market describes a situation where prices continuously drop over time. In most cases, bear markets are characterized by a 20% fall from recent highs or a period of prolonged price decrease. Bearish conditions may occur due to widespread pessimism and negative market sentiments.

Characteristics of Bear Market

Typical signs of a bear market include the following:

  • Asset supply is greater than demand
  • Widespread lack of confidence in the market
  • Negative mainstream coverage in traditional and social media
  • Distrust in the sector among economists and financial analysts

What Causes a Crypto Bear Market?

Some common bear market indicators include:

  • Lower Trading Volume: A drop in cryptocurrency trading volume usually indicates that traders have started closing trades and holding onto their assets due to market uncertainty.
  • Negative Sentiments From Traditional Finance: Public sentiments and comments from traditional finance sometimes precede a crash in crypto asset prices.
  • Backwardation: This occurs when the current price of an asset is higher than its trading price in the futures market.
  • New Regulations and Laws: Any regulation that hinders crypto transactions will effectively cause widespread uncertainty in the crypto space and result in a dip.

Bull vs. Bear Market: Key Differences

Some of the major differences between a bull and bear market include:

  • Supply and Demand — There is considerably strong demand and weak or limited supply in a bull market. On the other hand, a bear market has more sellers than buyers.
  • Market Scenario — A rise in GDP indicates a potential bull market, while a falling GDP signifies that a bear market might begin. Since GDP rises with salaries and overall income, a reduction suggests less consumer spending power.
  • Impact on Economy — A bear market is associated with a weakened economy. When businesses do not meet revenue goals and consumers are not spending enough, the entire economy is negatively affected. However, a bull market sets in when the economy becomes stronger and there is a corresponding rise in profits and purchasing power.
  • Liquidity — A bull market indicates higher liquidity as market confidence and steady returns rise. In a bear market, the lack of confidence and market uncertainty directly discourages liquidity from entering the market.
  • Local and International Investments — Bullish markets enjoy sustained price increases. Local and international investors are confident in the continuous uptrend of the market and are more willing to take risks. By contrast, dropping prices in a bearish market comes with less investor confidence.

Bear Markets vs. Bull Markets: The Cycle

Financial experts suggest four phases in the cycle of any asset in a bull or bear market. These are:

  1. Accumulation: Early adopters buy an asset at very low prices.
  2. Markup: The media’s outlook on an asset becomes favorable and influences more buyers to enter the market.
  3. Distribution: Traders begin to close out major trading positions. During the distribution phase, buyers and sellers struggle to increase or reduce prices.
  4. Markdown: Prices fall significantly. The asset may then return to the accumulation phase, and the cycle begins again.

Many factors drive bullish and bearish cryptocurrency markets. Unlike the traditional finance market, the cryptocurrency market has fewer market participants and is more volatile. Therefore, people interested in trading may consider learning the fundamentals of both market conditions, in addition to understanding crypto trading signals and relying on technical analysis.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 11 Apr 2022 15:15:55 GMT

Many people seem to make arbitrary choices when choosing a preferred crypto wallet. However, deciding on a specific wallet is an important part of one's crypto experience. The type of wallet you choose may depend on several factors such as frequency of trades, which cryptocurrencies a wallet supports, and/or wallet features.

Users also have to choose between maintaining control of their private keys or leaving them with the wallet provider. Before purchasing any crypto, users must decide whether they want to use a custodial wallet or a non-custodial wallet.

What Is a Non-Custodial Wallet?

A non-custodial wallet allows the owner to control their own private keys. People who use non-custodial wallets don't outsource the security or trust to any institutions, making themselves entirely in charge of all funds and transactions. Non-custodial wallets support censorship-resistant transactions. In most cases, no single centralized entity can tamper with or confiscate assets held in these wallets.

Each user's non-custodial wallet uses a 'mnemonic phrase' or 'seed phrase' that usually comprises of 12 or 24 random words — essentially a password giving the user access to a wallet's private keys and its funds.

The Difference Between Custodial and Non-Custodial Wallets

There are significant differences between a custodial wallet and a non-custodial wallet. While a non-custodial wallet relies solely on the user, custodial wallets allow the wallet providers or centralized exchanges to hold private keys. This way, the security of assets held in the wallet is mostly the provider or exchange's responsibility, as the user only has access to the public address. Using a custodial wallet is simple for the average user and removes the responsibility of memorizing a seed phrase or having to keep it safe. However, it also leaves users exposed to large-scale hacks or data breaches if something goes wrong for the custodian.

Non-Custodial Wallets: The Best Way to HODL Cryptocurrency
Custodial vs Non-Custodial Wallet Comparison

Another difference to consider is the execution of transactions on these wallets. Although most transactions conducted using blockchain technology are fast, non-custodial wallet activities reflect on the chain in real-time, while those on custodial wallets may lag for seconds or minutes as they are processed.

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Benefits of Non-Custodial Wallets

There are several benefits of using a non-custodial wallet to HODL cryptocurrencies.

Your Keys, Your Coins

Non-custodial wallets have gained tremendous traction because they provide users with autonomy and a high degree of self-sovereignty. Users don't require authorization from a third party to handle assets or perform any transactions. Users have complete control of their private keys, which makes it much easier to send and receive crypto.

Safety of Assets

Since all of the details related to a users' crypto wallet and its funds are with the user, there is little to no risk of a remote hack. The inherent safety of non-custodial wallets is a major reason many people are slowly shifting away from custodial options for cryptocurrency trading and towards decentralized exchanges (DEXs) that support non-custodial wallets.

Instant Transactions

Transactions conducted via non-custodial wallets are faster as they don't require any middlemen or centralized authorities for approval.

DeFi Compatibility

Non-custodial wallets are necessary for interacting with most decentralized finance platforms and permissionless blockchain protocols. The number of DeFi applications such as DEXs, lending platforms, and DAOs has skyrocketed over the past couple of years.

Hardware and Software Wallets

Non-custodial wallets can be broken down further into two major categories: hardware wallets and software wallets.

Non-Custodial Hardware Wallets

Non-custodial hardware wallets, also known as cold wallets, are simple devices that store private keys offline for better security. They usually look like small external drives. Access to assets held in non-custodial hardware wallets requires users to plug the devices into computers and manually confirm transactions through the device.

Hardware wallets aren't susceptible to computer viruses or hacks. However, users must keep private keys safe to reduce the risk of theft. A non-custodial hardware wallet is the safest option for crypto users with large amounts of digital assets in their portfolios, as well as those focused on long-term holding. Popular examples of non-custodial hardware wallets are Trezor and Ledger.

Non-Custodial Software Wallets

Non-custodial software wallets are applications include web browser wallets or applications that users download on computers or mobile device. Non-custodial software wallets have direct access to most public blockchains and require the user to provide their private keys or passwords to access stored assets. Unlike cold wallets, the private keys are accessible online. An example of a non-custodial software wallet is the AtomicDEX or Metamask.

Many users now understand the risks of custodial wallets and prefer to use non-custodial options for better security. Although custodial wallets are currently the more popular option, this type of wallet doesn't provide users with the privacy expected of blockchain technology. Using a non-custodial wallet is the best way to keep assets safe, especially when the user has a large portfolio or when the plan is to ride out a bear market. Several different factors help users determine their preferred non-custodial wallet.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 05 Apr 2022 20:39:21 GMT

A significant advantage of developing an open-source network is the efficiency of collaboration. Building a community of developers who offer varying perspectives on the same code can significantly increase network or application capacity and scalability. Open-source platforms can more easily do this without compromising network safety.

What Is Open Source Software, and Why Is It Important?

Open source technology is software anyone can inspect, edit, or otherwise modify. Multiple developers can make changes or effectively improve the software by revising the available codebase for free. The software code is published publicly, and no single entity can claim ownership. This allows for transparency and collaborative growth, making it easier for these networks to become more pervasive as next-generation digital building blocks.

Decentralizing software development processes creates reliable and secure codebases because the code and modification history is transparent and open to scrutiny by all. This helps trace the source of a problem and offers possible solutions when there is a bug, flaw, or breach. Furthermore, decentralization means that there is a whole community of developers working together to fix these problems.

Much of the underlying software code used in blockchain technology applications is open source. This method has created opportunities for businesses and consumers to use blockchain technology in many different ways across varying sectors.

Open Source Technology In Blockchain

Regardless of a blockchain’s use of open-source methodologies, the technology still guarantees security via three key features, including:

  • Cryptography
  • Distributed Ledger
  • Decentralization

Cryptography: Through cryptography, blockchain networks secure participant activities and transactions, eliminate double-spending, and mitigate the influence of central authorities.

Distributed Ledger: A significant part of any blockchain is distributed ledger technology. A distributed ledger is a shared electronic ledger that uses software algorithms to anonymously record transactions initiated or completed on an open-source blockchain. This decreases centralization and manipulation by any singular party, as the codebase and validation processes are distributed across a network of individuals and entities.

Decentralization: At the heart of most blockchain networks is decentralization. Since stored information is available across hundreds or thousands of nodes instead of one singular repository, networks are less susceptible to breaches or system failures, as there is no single point of failure. This feature ensures that dApps and decentralized exchanges offer users services that are almost impossible to corrupt.

Benefits of Open Source Tech for Cryptocurrencies and Token Projects

Many crypto and token projects have benefitted from the emergence of blockchain technology and the overall open-source ecosystem. Some obtainable advantages include:

Faster Innovation and Optimized User Experience

Open source technology enables faster innovation that focuses on actual end user utility. It also facilitates better rewards and incentives for users since the system can easily integrate multiple services. Faster work speed and enhanced user experience considerably increase the chance of creating more robust products since all participants can introduce international casinos designs from their individual perspectives and experiences.

Better Security for Personal Information

Registration on centralized or “closed” networks requires users to provide personal information either for identification or access to more features on the platforms. While this may satisfy KYC requirements imposed by central authorities, it creates security and data breach risks for users on these platforms. In many cases, hackers can breach centralized databases that store payment and user identity information, which we have seen innumerable times in the past.

On the other hand, blockchain technology’s open-source nature helps protect and maintain transparency. Security in an open system like a global peer-to-peer network is improved as all participants publicly audit network transactions. Generally, information is harder to corrupt or breach because there is no single access point.

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The Emergence of Decentralized Finance and Its Composability

One of DeFi’s primary advantages over traditional finance is composability - the ability to use tokens and services across multiple services and blockchain platforms. With open-source systems, users can enjoy inter-platform bridges that provide access to several blockchains and blockchain applications from a single entry point.

The majority of offerings in the decentralized finance sector are on the Ethereum blockchain, which allows developers to build open-source applications that follow the platform’s rules and infrastructure. The entire DeFi ecosystem benefits from this composability, as users enjoy better opportunities and rewards from several platforms and a growing list of available features.

The Expanding Metaverse

Open source technology is advantageous to the growing metaverse ecosystem. Previously, players could only use gaming assets on the games or platforms where they made the purchases. However, the open-source nature of the metaverse and Web3 gaming platforms now lets a player buy an NFT on one platform and use it on many others.

Blockchain Open Source Projects

The demand for enterprise blockchains has recently increased and has pushed the blockchain industry to develop more open source projects with unique design structures. Some top blockchain projects include:

  • Hyperledger
  • Enterprise Ethereum
  • Corda
  • Quorum
  • Openchain
  • and more

Open-source technology is an essential blockchain feature. Although there are several permissioned or private blockchains, many enthusiasts do not consider them actual blockchains in the traditional sense, as they lack the openness required of a true blockchain platform. Blockchain networks that use open-source technology provide better transparency and open users to opportunities only limited by the number of blockchains available at any time.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 04 Apr 2022 15:17:01 GMT

One of the major selling points for blockchain technology is not the blockchain itself, but the promised permissionless technology it provides through a decentralized consensus mechanism.

A consensus mechanism helps every participant on the blockchain reach an agreement regarding transactions and decisions on the network.

Blockchain’s inherent permissionless technology has made cryptocurrencies and related applications more popular, especially among people looking to avoid centralization.

What is Permissionless Tech?

Permissionless tech is an intrinsic part of public blockchain systems that allows anyone to join and interact with the network. Any willing participant can perform various blockchain activities, including creating addresses, developing dApps, creating smart contracts, and contributing to network consensus by mining or staking. There is no signing up or no permission that needs to be granted by a third party, making it a truly inclusive ecosystem where anyone can partake.

Blockchain’s permissionless nature is widely considered a positive quality, as it is necessary for true decentralization. Since there are few to no entry barriers, these systems are open to anyone regardless of location or background. Participants can use or maintain blockchain networks with only a computer and an internet connection, there are no other limiting factors.

Characteristics of Permissionless Technology

Permissionless tech systems have a few features in addition to their low barrier to entry. The following are a few noteworthy characteristics that contribute to their inclusivity:


Permissionless networks are fully decentralized. This means that no central entity has the authority to make any changes to the public ledger, as it is controlled by an open group of participants. Decentralized networks run on consensus protocols that ensure a majority of network participants agree to any network changes, making it democratically fair for all.

Digital Assets

Another notable characteristic of a permissionless blockchain network is the presence of a financial system or token economy. Most permissionless networks have a specific type of utility token that rises and falls in value. This value volatility largely depends on several factors, including the relevance and state of each blockchain. These networks may also employ utility or monetary tokens depending on each network’s purpose. By including digital assets within the consensus mechanism, the network can provide financial incentives for its validators to remain truthful.


Many permissionless systems don't require users to submit personal information before creating addresses or performing other network activities. However, personal information is a requirement for legal purposes in many cases. There is also the aspect of pseudonymity, where the identity of a user is semi-revealed or semi-known, but not fully.

Scalability and Performance

Permissionless systems improve the network’s ease of growth and scalability, with high transaction frequency and interactions on the public ledger. This improvement speeds up consensus validation, enhances security, and reduces the risk of failure.


By design, permissionless blockchains are transparent. The transparency feature is a mandatory characteristic of any blockchain that intends to give prospective participants a reason to trust in the open system. A transparent network must grant users full access to available information, including network addresses and details of processing transactions into blocks, so the history of the network can be verified by all.

Permissionless Tech: AtomicDEX

is an ideal example of a fully permissionless tech-based system. It is an end-user application built on the international casinos'S AtomicDEX API, an open-source atomic swap protocol.

Many decentralized exchanges offer some semblance of a permissionless system by providing a fraction of what a true permissionless exchange should be. However, AtomicDEX features all the necessary requirements of a truly permissionless network, including:

  • An InstaList feature that enables users to list any ERC-20, BEP-20, or QRC-20 token as a custom asset by providing the smart contract address
  • Non-custodial and decentralized peer-to-peer order books
  • A genuinely customizable trading experience
  • Peer-to-peer trading with no middlemen or third-party oversight
  • The ability to place any number of limit orders with the same funds at any number of price points.

In addition, AtomicDEX does not limit its users to trading on a single blockchain protocol. Instead, it offers a wide range of cross-protocol support functions that let users seamlessly trade several digital assets across several blockchains.

Some other advantages provided by permissionless systems like AtomicDEX include:

  • Broader decentralization with extended access across more network participants than in permissioned blockchains, essentially increasing the network’s user base.
  • Improved transparency, which speeds up transaction reconciliation across unknown parties.
  • Censorship resistance supported by broad accessibility and network participation across various locations.
  • A more secure network where disrupting consensus mechanisms through a 51% attack is very unlikely. Also, an attack on one node cannot affect the entire network.
  • Clear-cut governance structures
  • High customizability
  • Comparatively better scalability

Members of the blockchain community sometimes worry that permissionless systems create a cesspool of unregulated and possibly malicious entities. On the contrary, a genuinely permissionless and decentralized environment is necessary for the entire crypto and blockchain space, as all activities are publicly monitored.

Since the emergence of blockchain tech, many people have gradually moved their personal finances, businesses, and stored assets to blockchain-based platforms. This massive adoption of blockchain tech aims at genuine freedom and self-sovereignty.

The number of crypto traders and enthusiasts who wish to experience true freedom through permissionless tech while traversing the crypto and blockchain space is increasing.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 17 Mar 2022 19:51:06 GMT

Innovation in technology, through platforms such as Google, makes it easy for businesses and individuals to set up digital identities that anyone can use on supported platforms.

However, digital identities are susceptible to online hacks and may reveal more information than intended, or put the information in the hands of malicious actors. Self-sovereign identity addresses this issue by ensuring that users only offer as much information as they would like a third party to receive, limiting information flow only to necessary partners requesting specific parameters. It creates a safe space where people do not need to worry about unwanted access to personal details.

What Is Blockchain Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI)?

Blockchain Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI) is a secure approach to online interactions that gives individuals control over their digital identities. SSI addresses the difficulty of establishing trust during an online transaction by letting users maintain personal identities and only reveal information as required. Users can allow access for identity verification when needed or withhold information as preferred. Widespread adoption of blockchain SSI will inevitably lead to a more decentralized and democratized internet.

Current Modes Of Identification

Current identification methods have many pitfalls that do not provide enough protection from security breaches like identity theft. For example, most people currently use physical IDs — issued by employers, institutions, or government agencies — as their primary means of identification. While physical IDs verify association with the government or institution of issuance, this method suffers several setbacks, including cost, validation time, bureaucratic delays, lack of privacy, and the risk of impersonation.

Non-blockchain digital IDs also have their fair share of setbacks. Many public websites now accept third-party credentials from platforms like Facebook and Google, making it more difficult to guarantee data privacy and safety. Users have little or no control over how these platforms share their personal data, and also face risks stemming from centralized data storage on online servers. In some cases, users depend on issuers like Google to verify their credentials.

How is Self-Sovereign Identity Different?

Self-Sovereign Identity has a basic structure that helps differentiate it from existing digital or physical IDs. The design ensures a highly secure digital peer-to-peer network that provides a close-knit identity validation process involving the ID issuer, verifier, and owner. The cryptographic hashing used by blockchain networks guarantees that SSI credentials are tamper-proof and issued much faster.

Technology Behind SSI

Blockchain technology plays a key role in the use of self-sovereign identity and other similar decentralized solutions. Blockchain offers a ready-made infrastructure for SSI, provides several levels of security, and encourages autonomy. SSI also relies on decentralized identifiers and verifiable credentials at its core. This approach allows users to decide the kind of data they want to be revealed, and when the particular point of said data becomes accessible.

Decentralized Identifiers

Decentralized Identifiers or DIDs are an essential part of SSI that lets users create secure peer-to-peer connections between two or more parties. DIDs can be either private or public.

Private DIDs are exchanged between two entities to establish a secure connection inaccessible to others. To avoid data overlap, each interaction requires a separate identifier. Private DIDs are only available on private blockchains.

On the other hand, public DIDs are necessary when users want to be publicly identifiable. Public identifiers are usable for government-issued identifications like international passports and driver’s licenses. This solution uses only public blockchains.

Verifiable Credentials

The adoption of verifiable credentials is another fundamental part of the SSI concept. Verifiable credentials use a digital signature for identity claims by combining public-key hashing cryptography and privacy-protection techniques to convert credentials like ID cards to digital versions. Through this method, cardholders can decide on specific details to disclose without exposing actual card information.

Public entities use digitally verifiable identity profiles or DID for user validation. These profiles store beneficiary information such as a name, date of birth, or age, on a public blockchain-based network.

When an eligible user attempts to use a social or public service, the service provider can easily authenticate the beneficiary via the DID network. The verification uses digital facilities like QR codes, which protect the user and service provider from administrative delays.

AtomicDEX offers blockchain self-sovereignty through a crypto wallet and decentralized exchange rolled into one application.

Benefits of Self-Sovereign Identities

SSI revolutionizes identity management by providing several benefits to users and service providers. Some of these benefits include:

  • Security: Self-sovereign identity solutions focus primarily on user security and privacy.
  • Cost-effective Staff Identification: SSI provides an economical way to improve employee identification systems for access to company resources. Service providers that use SSI solutions can cut costs by reducing administrative processes and server load.
  • More Fluid Payment Solutions: SSI technology increases the processing speed used for payment solutions. Payment authentication and processing become faster since intermediaries are no longer necessary for the validation process.
  • One Identity Across Multiple Systems: Users can register or apply for services across different platforms using a single unique identification with SSI.
  • Improved Information Privacy: Individuals can protect sensitive personal information by choosing to share only the bare minimum.

AtomicDEX — Regain Your Self-Sovereignty

Self-sovereign identity is the next-gen instrument for identity management. Apart from addressing the setbacks in traditional identity management systems, SSI also provides better functionality for all users. With a wide range of benefits and the increasing development of practical blockchain applications, service providers need to take a step towards the adoption of SSI solutions.

Traders and crypto holders interested in the decentralization that SSI offers can begin by downloading AtomicDEX for increased control over their assets and personal information.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 16 Mar 2022 15:58:00 GMT

The decentralized nature of crypto assets puts complete control of user funds in the hands of everyday traders, eliminating third-party influence from traditionally dominant financial institutions or governments.

The introduction of decentralized finance has become a major selling point for crypto assets, as finance no longer requires centralized authorities or intermediaries. The resulting surge in crypto adoption, especially in regions with financial instability or harsher financial laws, fueled the idea of "censorship resistance." This solution allows people to sidestep constraints typical of centralized authorities.

What is Censorship Resistance?

In blockchain technology, censorship resistance refers to the average crypto user's ability to make immutable and trustless transactions on a blockchain network without permission from a third party. Since crypto transactions only require nodes on networks powered by cryptographic algorithms to function, unauthorized entities cannot alter any data stored on these decentralized public ledgers.

The most popular example of censorship resistance in the crypto economy is Bitcoin (BTC), which is "censorship-proof" in many ways. However, this feature has stirred concerns among countries with very stringent financial laws, causing them to impose restrictions on crypto transactions. Regardless of these restrictions, many cryptocurrencies are borderless and can still facilitate trades that bypass centralized constraints. The idea that no nation, corporation, or third party has the power to control who can transact or store wealth on the blockchain network is one of the leading value propositions of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.

Blockchain's immutable nature is an integral part of its censorship resistance feature. This characteristic makes it impossible for anyone to remove or alter transactions once validated on the public ledger. Immutability essentially secures the network from most forms of hacking or other fraudulent activity.

Compared to traditional centralized systems, decentralized platforms have become more desirable because they offer censorship resistance. While centralized exchanges have certain advantages, their vulnerability to control and other forms of authority make them the less desirable option.

A decentralized exchange (DEX) solves this problem by eliminating the need for a centralized third party to hold funds or process trades. In contrast, centralized exchanges allow governments to freeze individual accounts whether or not there is a just cause. As a result, affected people — who may very well be innocent — become cut out of the financial system and lose access to their funds.

AtomicDEX offers a decentralized, censorship-resistance solution for holding and trading crypto.

Exchange or Transaction Censorship

Exchange or transaction censorship prevents transactions between addresses on crypto exchanges. Central authorities regularly censor crypto wallets for suspicious activity or otherwise. However, censorship resistance makes this difficult on decentralized exchanges. The inherent pseudonymous nature of blockchain wallet addresses makes matching personal individual to a particular crypto address extremely challenging if precautions are taken to mask one's identity. Since blockchain addresses do not contain any personally identifying information, individual transaction censorship can be quite cumbersome.

However, it is essential to note that cryptocurrencies don't always provide absolute censorship resistance, because transactions still require networks controlled by internet service providers (ISPs) or governments. Where shutting down the internet is not an option, governments looking to enforce censorship can block access to cryptocurrency exchange domains or other online crypto infrastructure. With increased internet options, like Elon Musk's Starlink, censoring internet access will also get harder and harder to achieve.

Although transaction censorship on crypto networks is not impossible, it's extremely resource-intensive. Many crypto assets currently operate on majority rule. While the chance is significantly slim, this method puts blockchains at the risk of 51% attacks that take advantage of the distributed method of data verification — a key strength of the Bitcoin protocol and that of many other digital assets. However, this type of attack against Bitcoin would require hundreds of billions of dollars (which could very well be confiscated by the network along the way).

What Is a 51% Attack?

A 51% attack occurs when a single person, group, or organization wields majority control of a blockchain's hash rate to potentially cause network disruptions. In such a case, the attacker would have enough mining power to intentionally remove, alter, or reverse transactions and cause double spend issues.

A successful 51% attack would also allow the hacker to prevent some or all transactions from being validated. Attackers can create a mining monopoly by preventing others from mining.

How Likely Is a 51% Attack?

A 51% attack is not very likely on major blockchains like Bitcoin. Since a distributed network of nodes maintains blockchain networks, all participants cooperate to reach a consensus to confirm and validate transactions.

The distributed nature of blockchains enhances network security and reduces the chance of a 51% attack, especially as the number of nodes and active participants grows.

Networks with larger participation and hash rate are more secure against attacks and data corruption. Smaller networks with reduced participation are more prone to 51% attacks, but solutions like international casinos's delayed Proof of Work (dPoW) offer enhanced protections for networks of any size.

Who Needs Censorship Resistance?

Censorship resistance is essential in many nations where governments enforce rigid laws and restrictions. As long as these restrictions control how individuals store or spend their funds, true financial freedom is unattainable. Therefore, censorship resistance is ideal for anyone who can't freely store wealth or perform transactions without government or third-party influence.

take censorship resistance further by providing a decentralized platform for interested users to conduct peer-to-peer cryptocurrency trading.

Why Can't The Blockchain Be Censored?

Most blockchain designs are decentralized and disintermediated by default. This design makes it virtually impossible for any actor or authority to censor transactions. Manipulating blockchain transactions would require significant control over the network's hash rate, which is almost impossible because of the number of active network participants on each blockchain, especially for large networks.

Another reason why blockchain censorship is almost impossible is the average network's technical design and its use of hash functions to ensure that transactions are irreversible once sent and validated. Regardless of societal or political changes, no government or commanding entity can roll back blockchain data to fit an agenda or personal interest.

Censorship-resistant networks offer users a international casinos and improved way of conducting personal or official business. Without interference from external parties, all participants in the global financial sector can perform transactions and enjoy financial freedom away from prying eyes.

Anyone interested in reducing their chance of transaction censorship can begin by downloading the AtomicDEX wallet.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 08 Mar 2022 21:55:21 GMTWhat Are Crypto Hot Wallets?Hot Wallets vs. Cold Wallets

A hot wallet is a crypto wallet that is connected to the internet. Hot wallets are programs or browser extensions that facilitate crypto storage and transfers.

Pros of Hot Wallets

A hot wallet is the most convenient way a user can manage crypto. Here are a few advantages:

  • Easy to set up: Users can create a hot wallet within minutes.
  • Convenient access to crypto and ideal for frequent crypto trading.
  • User-friendly interface: Crypto international casinosbies can easily understand hot wallet functionality.
  • Numerous backup options: Hot wallets provide crypto holders with various methods of restoring their private keys, which protects them from accidental loss.
  • Capability to accept various token types and ideal for traders and users with a diversified crypto portfolio.
  • Free of charge: Hot wallets are available for free.

Cons of Hot Wallets

  • Prone to hacks: Crypto stored in a hot wallet is vulnerable to cyber attacks since they are connected to the internet.
  • Third-party dependence: Most hot wallets require developers to continuously offer support for the product and push international casinos updates.
  • Loss of funds: Users may lose access to their funds if the service (e.g. a web wallet) decides to stop access to services without warning.

How Do Hot Wallets Work?

A hot wallet is any crypto wallet that requires an internet connection for access. Simply put, hot wallets are “online.” When a user creates a hot wallet, the platform assigns private keys and public addresses for cryptocurrencies.

Public addresses are similar to account numbers as they identify the wallet so that the user can receive funds from anyone. On the other hand, a private key is like a PIN or password that enables users to access their funds and facilitate transactions. With hot wallets, private keys and public addresses are available online and accessible via internet-enabled devices.

Who Hot Wallets May Be Suitable For

Since hot wallets are easily accessible over the internet, these wallets are suitable for crypto investors who carry out frequent transactions. Hot wallets are also ideal for people who don’t hold large amounts of crypto and are comfortable keeping their assets on crypto exchanges. These wallets are better for regular transactions and not for storing large amounts.

How to Keep Your Hot Wallet Secure

The most efficient way to keep hot wallets secure is by using an easy-to-remember password and memorizing it. Users may also keep hot wallet funds safe by minimizing the amount of assets stored in them, since hot wallets that hold large amounts of crypto may be more susceptible to attacks. Users with large crypto portfolios usually prefer to hold most of their assets in cold wallets and keep funds required for day-to-day transactions in hot wallets.

What are Cold Wallets?

A cold wallet is a digital wallet disconnected from the internet and is the safest option for long-term crypto holding. Since cold wallets do not primarily require an internet connection and never expose private keys online, crypto owners can carry their wallets around and only risk a loss when they damage or lose the physical device or item holding the funds. Furthermore, even if the device is lost, users can regain access to crypto assets via a seed phrase or private key.

Pros of Cold Wallets

  • Cold wallets, such as hardware wallets, are immune to computer hacks.
  • Hardware devices require the user to confirm a transaction on the device (not the application on a computer) before any transaction happens.

Cons of Cold Wallets

  • More expensive: Unlike hot wallets that are free, purchasing some types of cold wallets (e.g. hardware wallets) can be more expensive.
  • Harder to use: Most cold wallets require at least 10 minutes for initial setup. For hardware wallets, the user must also plug the wallet into a computer every time they want to start a transaction.
  • Inconvenient: Although some hardware wallets allow users to connect devices to mobile phones via Bluetooth, the process is less convenient than mobile wallets that simply function as smartphone applications.

How Do Cold Wallets Work?

Cold wallets are offline crypto wallets that can store your private keys in a secure environment.

Asset transfers using a cold wallet use an offline device (e.g. hardware wallet) for authorization. Once completed, the wallet sends data online to update the network.

Who Cold Wallets May Be Suitable For

Cold wallets are ideal for crypto HODLers with large amounts of digital assets in their portfolios. This type of wallet is also suitable for crypto whales or other investors that prefer to keep assets for a long time instead of day trading.

How to Keep Your Cold Wallet Secured

The safest way is to write your private keys or seed phrases down on a piece of paper, creating a paper wallet as a backup. Users with hardware wallets or paper wallets must store devices in safe places where there is no risk of physical damage.

Many users laminate their paper wallet and store them in safety deposit boxes at banks or safes in their international casinoss. To prevent asset loss, users should also ensure that keys are not easily accessible by third parties.

Which Wallet Type Is Better?

Understanding the different types of cryptocurrency wallets is essential for building a crypto portfolio. At the same time, the security of funds is a vital concern to users looking for the best crypto wallets that suit their needs.

In summary, using a hot wallet is more convenient for frequent and small transactions. Meanwhile, using a cold wallet is better for users who plan to HODL large amounts of crypto and make only sparing transactions.

Try AtomicDEX — Multicoin Wallet with a Built-in Decentralized Exchange

AtomicDEX is a non-custodial multicoin wallet and cross-chain decentralized exchange rolled into one app. Use AtomicDEX as a hot wallet for storing cryptocurrencies. Use the built-in DEX to trade across multiple blockchains. BTC, ETH, BNB, AVAX, MATIC, KMD, and many more cryptocurrencies are supported.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 19 Jan 2022 19:26:33 GMT

One popular category of cryptocurrencies is the “meme coin.” Loosely defined, a meme coin is a cryptocurrency that either started as a joke or pulled in unexpected returns within a short time without any fundamental reason to push its value. Many people do not expect commendable performances from meme coins and are reluctant to take them seriously. However, in the case of Shiba Inu, meme coins sometimes become impossible to ignore.

What is Shiba Inu Coin?

Named after the Japanese dog breed from the country’s Chūbu region, Shiba Inu is a meme coin launched in August 2020. Colloquially referred to as the ‘Dogecoin Killer,’ the Shiba coin is an Ethereum-based cryptocurrency and one of the many ERC-20 tokens. Also, like Bitcoin’s Satoshi Nakamoto, Shiba Inu’s creation story features Ryoshi, an anonymous person or group at the helm of affairs. Currently operating with a Proof of Work (PoW) consensus mechanism, the Shiba Inu network requires token mining and heavy computational effort similar to other PoW networks.

How to Buy Shiba Inu

Shiba Inu tokens trade on most major exchange platforms and are available to all interested users. Tokens are available on several centralized exchanges, such as Binance, Coinbase, Gemini, KuCoin, and FTX. Users should note that providing personal information to complete the exchange’s know-your-customer (KYC) requirements is a compulsory part of the process if they decide to buy through a CEX.

Users can select Shiba Inu (SHIB) on the marketplace and choose their preferred mode of purchase. Some exchanges allow direct fiat purchases depending on the particular fiat currency used or whether or not there are limiting laws in the buyer’s jurisdiction. Buyers may also swap cryptocurrencies they already own for SHIB if the pair exists. Also, peer-to-peer trading options may be available.

In addition to centralized options, interested buyers can purchase SHIB tokens on decentralized exchanges such as .

ShibaDEX is a non-custodial wallet and decentralized exchange rolled into one application. ShibaDEX supports popular meme coins such as SHIB, DOGE, BONE, LEASH, CUMMIES, GM, and more. Plus, users can trade cryptocurrencies across multiple blockchain protocols, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, BNB Chain, and more.

Everything You Need to Know About the Shiba Inu Token

How Does Shiba Inu Work?

Shiba Inu serves as a competitor to Dogecoin (DOGE), which launched eight years earlier in 2013. Regardless of the wide time gap between both launches, DOGE is currently the 12th largest cryptocurrency according to CoinMarketCap, while SHIB is not far behind at number 14.

Shiba Inu started out with a team of decentralized finance (DeFi) proponents, without any central leadership, team, or funding. Today, the supposed Dogecoin killer operates a fully community-driven and decentralized ecosystem.

Shib Inu has a total supply of 1 quadrillion SHIB coins. Founder Ryoshi locked 50% of this supply on the Uniswap decentralized exchange to ensure liquidity. In what seemed like a marketing gimmick, Ryoshi sent a significant percentage of Shina Inu tokens to Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin in May 2021. However, , essentially taking 40% of all Shiba Inu crypto out of circulation. He then donated the remaining 10% to COVID relief efforts in India.

Although Shiba Inu works using the PoW mechanism, it’s transitioning to Proof of Stake (PoS). With the forthcoming introduction of , the international casinos upgrade will use the PoS consensus method and offer faster transaction speeds and cheaper costs for more scaling opportunities.

Everything You Need to Know About the Shiba Inu Token
Shiba fan art

The Shiba Inu Ecosystem

The Shiba Inu ecosystem comprises a few different products, including tokens and other applications. The flagship offering is the SHIB token, which powers the entire ecosystem. However, members of the Shiba Inu community can also enjoy the following tokens:

  • Leash (LEASH): The Leash token is available on the Shiba Inu ecosystem, and provides staking rewards for users validating transactions on the network. The maximum supply of LEASH is 107,646.
  • Bone (BONE): BONE is the ecosystem’s governance token with a supply cap of 250 million units. Members of the community use BONE to vote on proposals before implementation.

On top of tokens, users can also enjoy other Shiba Inu products, including Shiboshi: a non-fungible token (NFT) project created on the platform. Each Shiboshi is a pixelated Shiba Inu dog with specific traits that make them unique, such as a party hat or laser eyes. The entire first collection of 10,000 Shiboshis has already sold out.

Everything You Need to Know About the Shiba Inu Token
The Shiba ecosystem includes SHIB, LEASH, and BONE tokens.

Shiba Inu Investing Considerations

Unlike many other cryptocurrencies, there are not many real-world applications for SHIB tokens. Although major American online tech retailer Newegg , the international casinos token is still a long way from widespread adoption at the level where major assets like BTC and ETH thrive. However, like most cryptocurrencies, people hold Shiba Inu for the possibility of future adoption.

As of October 2021, Shiba Inu returned more than , one of the largest the crypto sector has ever seen. Although that number throughout 2021, it is still very impressive. To put it into perspective, a $2 investment in SHIB on New Year’s Day in 2021 would create a international casinos millionaire by the end of the year. So far, many credit SHIB’s unbelievable rise to increased visibility and quick acceptance by several major crypto exchanges.

The Future of Shiba Inu

There are several reasons to believe in a possible spike in the Shiba Inu coin price. Most Shiba Inu international casinoss and speculation suggest an increase in adoption in 2022. For instance, the popular movie theatre chain, AMC Entertainment, is looking to support Shiba Inu payments this year, while the Flexa payment network already provides support at over 40,000 US merchants.

Another noteworthy factor is Shiba Inu’s Layer-2 blockchain, Shibarium. Shibarium will host many international casinos projects upon launch, allowing developers to build products and services on the blockchain.

Shibarium will also host Shiba Inu’s upcoming Oshiverse. The metaverse will host multiple play-to-earn virtual reality games that will help the ecosystem compete with the myriad of GameFi and metaverse offerings currently available in the market.

Finally, a demand resulting from the above points could cause SHIB to retain its current all-time high price, and maybe even top it. In addition, a drop in supply may also be sufficient enough to spur a price hike. However, not many events like Buterin’s burn would considerably shorten SHIB’s supply enough to see a price increase similar to 2021. Nevertheless, there is the possibility, however slim, that Shiba Inu developers could create a burn policy that turns things around for the Shiba coin.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 15 Jan 2022 15:25:00 GMT

The introduction of blockchain technology into gaming birthed the GameFi subsector. An amalgamation of Game and Finance, GameFi describes a gaming ecosystem where people can earn and trade in-game cryptocurrency by playing games or scaling certain tasks, monetizing their time while having fun.

Today, many games run on blockchain technology and operate through the play-to-earn (P2E) model. One of the most highly-anticipated examples is Illuvium.

What is Illuvium?

Built on the Ethereum blockchain, Illuvium combines decentralized finance and an open-world role-playing adventure game. Players in the vast open-world can explore the universe to hunt and collect beasts called Illuvials. Each player goes through the game assembling these creatures and adding them to teams for battles against other players. Illuvium offers players an immersive experience leading to a discovery of the disaster that destroyed the game's open world.

Illuvium Classes

Illuvium has five different classes: Fighter, Guardian, Empath, Rogue, and Psion. Although detailed descriptions of each class are not yet available, players must take note of these class specifications while gaming. Generally, classes affect gameplay, as they inform the strengths and weaknesses of each player's Illuvial and the overall team. Players can also merge classes to create a hybrid for better skills and a higher chance of success.

How Does Illuvium Work?

Interested players must begin by providing an email address to register on Upon registration, players can run the game as a desktop app, play a free mode, or opt for a premium subscription.

Players must capture Illuvials in shards. Since Illuvials have varying strength levels, the shard used to catch an Illuvial must match the creature's strength, or the capture would be impossible. Shards also heal injured Illuvials over some time. Nonetheless, players can pay to speed up the healing process or use other collected items, such as an Illuvium NFT, to restore the Illuvial's health.

Illuvium Affinities

Apart from classes, there are five affinities in Illuvium: Air, Nature, Fire, Water, and Earth. Like classes, Illuvials have specific behavioral patterns, strengths, and weaknesses, based on their affinities. For instance, a Fire Illuvial would be no match for an Earth Illuvial. However, a Water Illuvial could do considerable damage to Fire. In a similar fashion to classes, players can combine affinities to create more powerful creatures, referred to as Ascended Illuvials. Examples include Frost from a combination of Water and Air, and Dust by mixing Earth and Air.

In addition to classes and affinities, Illuvials may display other attributes that help create stronger teams and increase each player's chance of success. For example, attributes may affect the Illuvilal's strength, speed, or health, and players can improve these attributes by purchasing or collecting in-game components. Furthermore, Illuvials generally become stronger with each fight they win.

Introducing Illuvium: A Compelling Ethereum-Based P2E Game
Illuvium is a P2E adventure game built on the Ethereum blockchain.

Playing Illuvium

There are three modes on Illuvium, offering players a wide range of possibilities and gameplay control. The modes include:

  • Story Mode
  • Ranked Arena
  • Arena Leviathan

Players in the story mode can journey through the open-world searching for Illuvials to create international casinoser and more robust teams. In this mode, players can use appropriate shards to capture Illuvials in preparation for battle arenas that become active during the story mode gameplay. Arenas allow players to battle out and earn rankings based on successes and losses.

The Ranked Arena will be open to players competing with others based on their combat skills. Generally, there is some restricted access to the Ranked Arena.

The Arena Leviathan is open to a wide array of player activities. Here, players can flaunt their Illuvial collections and compete with other players. Competitors can lose or earn tokens based on the battles, bets, and performances during the arranged fights. The Arena Leviathan also allows players to remain as onlookers at the competitions, with the possibility to wager on the battles.

The Illuvium World

Illuvium sets itself apart from other similar offerings in the GameFi sector with its unique offerings and range of possibilities. Firstly, Illuvial strength is flexible, primarily affected by classes, affinities, and other attributes. In addition, players can "create" several international casinos Illuvials with unique strengths from combining the affinities and classes. Furthermore, the offering runs on Illuvium (ILV) tokens, available outside of the game's ecosystem.

What is the Illuvium (ILV) Token?

The Illuvium coin is an ERC-20 token that powers the game and provides utility for players. Holders can receive in-game rewards as Illuvium tokens for conquering levels, performing tasks, and other performance accomplishments. Secondly, Illuvium crypto holders can stake their assets within the Illuvium Vault to receive more Illuvium token rewards. In addition, the ILV cryptocurrency is usable for game governance through the Illuvium DAO.

There's also the sILV token available in the ecosystem. The major difference is that while holders can vest ILV rewards for a year, sILV is immediately usable to play the game. However, players should note that both tokens have a combined maximum limit of 10 million.

Introducing Illuvium: A Compelling Ethereum-Based P2E Game
ILV token holders can vote on proposals to update the protocols through the Illuvium DAO.

How to Buy Illuvium (ILV)

The Illuvium token is available for purchase on several major exchange platforms, including Binance,,, KuCoin, SushiSwap, and . Currently, ILV tokens don't have fiat trading pairs, so it's necessary to purchase a cryptocurrency like BNB, BUSD, USDT, or BTC first.

How to Stake Illuvium (ILV)

Holders with ILV tokens in their Trezor, MetaMask, Coinbase, Torus, WalletConnect, or Portis wallets can stake Illuvium by connecting the wallet at Each person can then visit the Core Pools page and click "Stake" for the appropriate pool.

Holders can choose the Locked or Flexible modes and specify the number of tokens to stake. People who choose the Flexible mode can unstake their tokens at any time; however, this mode has a smaller Annual Percentage Yield (APY). On the other hand, holders can choose the Locked mode for a higher APY, with tokens locked for up to a year. Participants can receive staking rewards in ILV or sILV tokens.

The Illuvium Ecosystem in 2022

Illuvium is one of the most highly anticipated P2E games scheduled for release in 2022. With unique gameplay and an in-depth storyline, the gaming universe will give some of the other top P2E games a run for their money when it launches publicly. With staking already live and users already buying up ILV tokens, the possibilities within the game are almost endless. With more than 100 Illuvials across the open world, Illuvium could carve out a space for itself as one of the go-to P2E games for the year.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 10 Jan 2022 20:47:36 GMT

Staking crypto is a critical part of networks that are built on a system that uses Proof of Stake (PoS) verification, and the purpose of this guide is to educate you all about it. Staking could also work similar to a traditional bank account (although with my higher returns), where users deposit their tokens in order to earn interest in the form of receiving additional coins or tokens. The best crypto staking options have attracted millions of individuals, as the benefits provided are hard to ignore.

What Is Crypto Staking?

In blockchain networks, there are several ways to secure a network and its cryptocurrency. For example, Bitcoin uses the Proof of Work (PoW) consensus algorithm. Here, cryptocurrency miners complete increasingly complex computational tasks to validate transactions. They are then rewarded with Bitcoin for their contribution to keeping the network secure.

On a Proof of Stake (PoS) network, users "stake," i.e., lock up their assets to secure the network. Those who have staked will get selected at random to validate transactions on the network. Typically, those with larger stakes earn more from their contribution towards the securing of the network, as your rewards are based on your contribution.

How Does Staking Work?

As mentioned above, on a Proof of Stake (PoS) network, crypto staking is what secures the network. The funds you stake become a part of the network's securing/transaction validation process. The specifics of staking will vary from project to project, and some might have significant variations for their staking mechanics.

But it all boils down to this: stakers lock up their funds, usually through a staking pool, and steadily receive interest on that amount over time.

Crypto Staking - Earn Yield for Securing a Blockchain
A look at the total number of Solana (SOL) stakers from Dec 10, 2021 to Jan 10, 2022.

Which Cryptos Have Staking?

Several cryptocurrency projects support staking, from the biggest names to up-and-coming ones. We'll cover some of the major projects here and explain how staking plays a role within each of their networks.


Ethereum (not Ethereum Classic) supports staking, though it isn't quite fully ready yet. The network is in the midst of a transition towards PoS. launched on Dec. 1, 2021, with a minimum staking amount of 32 ETH to become a full validator. If you don't have 32 ETH, you can join a staking pool to earn rewards.

Staking on Ethereum is fairly straightforward once you have the funds for it. Bear in mind that there are some risks, like losing ETH if an attacker successfully carries out an exploit, or if your node goes offline. Furthermore, you will not be able to withdraw your stake until certain future upgrades are reached, generally making your tokens inaccessible. This will be possible when the beacon chain merges with the mainnet, but people are working on solutions in the meantime, such as synthetic and tradable ETH 2.0.


Polkadot (DOT), a competitor to Ethereum, also has staking but uses a Nominated Proof of Stake (NPoS) consensus mechanism.

Nominators in this system can back up to 16 validators as trusted validator candidates, with both nominators and validators locking their assets as collateral and receiving rewards for their contributions. However, the network uses a probabilistic method to dole out rewards, so not all validators will receive the exact rewards.


To , users delegate tokens to validators on the network. The more tokens that a validator has, the more likely they are to be chosen to validate international casinos transactions, thus increasing the rewards they get.

However, there is also a chance of losing tokens. In a process called slashing, validators can lose some of their delegated tokens if they act with malicious intent. As a result, all token holders who have delegated their tokens to this validator will lose a portion of their delegated assets.

How To Stake Crypto

Staking crypto is reasonably straightforward, though that depends to some degree on the specific asset you want to stake. Many projects have been trying to make the process as simple as possible in order to attract as many stakers as possible. This leads to additional liquidity of their native coin getting locked up.

The first step in staking crypto is to have the relevant asset. Whether it's ETH, DOT, SOL, or any other asset, you need to have some of these tokens to stake. Once you do, you need to store it in a staking pool compatible wallet. There are several wallets that support staking on various networks natively, including Ledger and Exodus.

Assuming you have the assets and a supporting wallet, you will then need to find the staking protocol or staking pool option on these wallets. Then, you can click on the staking pool of your choice, enter the staking amount, and confirm the transaction. That's it! You are now staking your tokens and earning rewards as interest. The staking process can be different depending on the wallet and network. However, by and large, the steps listed above apply to staking most assets.

Crypto Staking - Earn Yield for Securing a Blockchain
Top 10 coins by amount staked as of January 2022

Advantages of Crypto Staking

Now that you've heard all about staking, you might want a summarized list of the benefits of crypto staking. The advantages are as follows:

  • The primary advantage of staking is that you get rewarded in the native coin for your contribution.
  • You can earn passive income on crypto that would otherwise be idly sitting in a wallet.
  • Staking is more environmentally friendly than mining.
  • Staking is more democratic than the traditional crypto mining process since practically anyone can stake without needing special hardware or technical knowledge.
  • Locking funds via staking contributes towards network security.

Risks of Crypto Staking

Cryptocurrency staking might sound like a dream, but it's not without some drawbacks. The following is a list of disadvantages related to staking cryptocurrencies:

  • You could lose some value within your staked assets because of price movements. This could outweigh the interest you earn.
  • Lockup periods can be long, making your tokens inaccessible.
  • There is a minor chance that you could lose your stake because of a hack (depending on the platform or network and its security).

Staking Can Be Lucrative in the Long Run

Now that you understand crypto staking, you can go ahead and try it yourself. It’s clearly the better alternative to mining and is undoubtedly more equitable. However, you will still need some capital to get started staking. Decentralized exchanges are good places to find tokens that allow staking.

Staking can bring a solid amount of returns in the long run, and, of course, you are helping secure a blockchain network. It’s an integral part of the crypto market and one aspect that will continue to be essential to the future of the space.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 09 Jan 2022 15:54:00 GMT

The Cosmos network seeks to connect various disparate blockchain networks with its ecosystem. With such a network, individual networks can open the possibilities of decentralized systems by freely allowing assets to move between chains, making the flow of information, data, and value more fluid than ever.

What Is Cosmos (ATOM)?

Cosmos is a project strictly focused on solving the interoperability problem between blockchains. The team calls it the internet of blockchains, which is about as apt a way to describe its utility as any. With its design, Cosmos hopes to bring both interoperability and scalability solutions to the blockchain space.

The project was announced in 2016 and held its ICO in 2017, raising a modest $17 million. In hindsight, it seems the project was tremendously undervalued. The team put the funds towards the development of some of the fundamental building blocks of Cosmos.

The Cosmos network launched its mainnet in 2019 and has seen some growing popularity within the crypto space since then. Projects that have launched in the Cosmos and its Tendermint ecosystem include Binance Chain, Terra, and Aragon, among many others.

How Does Cosmos (ATOM) Work?

At a high-level, Cosmos functions as a hub where different networks can exist independently, with the hub facilitating interactions between them. The Tendermint protocol lays out the rules for the interaction, and is a PoS blockchain, making it more efficient and environmentally friendly than some alternatives. With it, multiple assets are compatible with each other within the Cosmos ecosystem, thanks to the inter-blockchain communication (IBC) protocol.

In short, Cosmos is a network of blockchains that operate parallelly and independently, using their own consensus mechanisms, like the Tendermint consensus mechanism.

What Is Cosmos Hub?

The Cosmos Hub is at the heart of the whole interoperable system, so it is worth going over it in more detail.

The hub plays an intermediary role, almost like a translator for the different languages that the member blockchains 'speak’. It keeps a record of the current state of every Cosmos Zone that is connected to the hub, with these Zones representing individual blockchain ecosystems. As such, it is a router for each of Cosmos’ Zones.

What Are Cosmos Zones?

Cosmos’ Zones are application-specific blockchains. Cosmos is designed as such that these Zones can choose to accept or refuse connections with any others that are connected to the hub.

By facilitating the creation of PoS blockchains, instead of the more cumbersome PoW blockchains, the Cosmos SDK helps teams build Zones efficiently and quickly.

Cosmos (ATOM): An Interoperability Solution for Blockchains
Top 10 projects by market cap building on Cosmos as of January 2022

Features of Cosmos (ATOM)

There are a few features that are particularly important to the utility of Cosmos. The most significant ones are listed below.

Cosmos SDK

The Cosmos SDK is a modular development framework that lets developers create application-specific blockchains or Zones. The Cosmos team says that developers can build their own Zones very quickly, which is essential to the adoption of the network.


Governance sees Cosmos validators and delegators vote on proposals such as changing network parameters or other typical decisions made in a governance forum. There are a few different periods that go into the whole process.

First, during the deposit period, users deposit their ATOMs into a proposal, which goes on for two weeks. Then, the voting period begins, and contributors can cast votes. Delegators can also offer their ATOMs for voting influence to validators.

Lastly, the tally period takes place. A minimum of 40% of the total staked tokens after the voting period must vote.

Cosmos (ATOM): An Interoperability Solution for Blockchains
Hundreds of dApps are built on Cosmos

How To Stake Cosmos

Staking ATOM also helps secure the Cosmos network. There are the usual benefits to this, such as contributing to the network’s success and potentially seeing a rise in the Cosmos (ATOM) price. The staking APY varies but is typically 9.7% of the staked ATOM.

To stake ATOM, you will need some first. You can buy it from Binance, Coinbase, or Kraken and move it to a non-custodial wallet that supports Cosmos staking. Many Cosmos stakers use Keplr wallet.

Next, you will have to choose a validator. For most wallets, you can choose a validator from a list of validators. For other wallets, a validator is pre-selected for the wallet user.

After choosing a validator, you select “delegate” and enter the amount. Confirm the transaction to start staking!

How To Buy Cosmos

As it is widely known in cryptocurrency trading, the Cosmos crypto ATOM is available on several exchanges, including the world’s most popular ones like Binance, Coinbase, and Kraken. With a little bit of knowledge, knowing where to buy the Cosmos crypto shouldn’t be a problem.

To buy the Cosmos token, you won’t need much more than an account on one of these exchanges and some capital. On top of that, you can store ATOM on a variety of different wallets for safekeeping.

AtomicDEX supports BEP-20 ATOM and thousands of other cryptocurrencies.

Future of Cosmos (ATOM)

The future of Cosmos (ATOM) is hard to define accurately, given that there is so much competition in this space. Recent Cosmos (ATOM) international casinoss doesn’t grab as many headlines like some other projects, but it’s clear that the market is in need of strong interoperability solutions.

Cosmos has already demonstrated the efficacy of its features and design, so what matters now is healthy adoption and facilitation of interaction between different networks. Only time will tell if Cosmos (ATOM) can do well in the years to come, as the near future will see interoperability requirements increase.

Cosmos Is Tackling a Significant Blockchain Obstacle

With this knowledge of what Cosmos (ATOM) is, you will be better prepared to evaluate and do further research about the network. The solution being worked on is a necessary one, but by no means is it the only approach to solve interoperability.

We recommend learning more about the state of blockchain interoperability and what teams are doing to overcome this obstacle. This is a significant pain point in the industry and is set to revolutionize the industry once it is fully tackled.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 06 Jan 2022 21:39:01 GMT

Of course, Tether is a stablecoin that suits different needs of users, but nonetheless, it has remained a part of the market — despite some controversies. The USDT stablecoin is one of the most popular stablecoins on the market, and its circulation is far above most of its competitors. Why is this the case, and how come Tether finds such deep entrenchment within the market?

What Is Tether?

The Tether cryptocurrency is a stablecoin where the USDT to USD value is linked on a 1:1 basis. This backing (or lack thereof) is the reason why Tether has been in the headlines for so long.

Stablecoins are digital currencies that are pegged to fiat currencies. For this reason, stablecoins serve as good ways to store capital as the market experiences volatility, as stablecoins are inherently non-volatile. Traders mostly use it for this purpose when it comes to cryptocurrency trading, and Tether is among the most popular stablecoins available on the market.

The Tether coin was created far back in 2014 and has steadily gained clout within the cryptocurrency sector. It has had a tumultuous few years, but that hasn’t stopped it from becoming a stablecoin juggernaut. Trading of the asset itself began in 2015.

How Does Tether Work?

Given that it is a stablecoin, as far as the Tether definition goes, it functions rather “normally” as a cryptocurrency. It isn’t in the same vein as Bitcoin or Ether, or any other cryptocurrency with a niche use case. To give you some scale of the popularity of Tether, in February 2021, USDT accounted for 57% of all crypto trades.

The USDT token itself runs on the Ethereum blockchain, though it also runs on EOS, TRON, Omni, Liquid Network, and Algorand, among others. However, not all exchanges support the other blockchain variants of Tether. Coinbase, for example, only supports Tether on the Ethereum blockchain.

You don’t have to think about cryptocurrency mining or any such activities with Tether. If you want to invest in other assets but are concerned about volatility, then it’s always sensible to have some amount of a stablecoin in your portfolio.

Tether: The Largest Stablecoin By Market Cap
As any good USD stablecoin does, Tether has mostly held its 1:1 peg to the US Dollar throughout its existence.

Tether Is Used Primarily To Tackle Market Volatility

First and foremost, Tether is a stablecoin, so its value remains pegged to $1. Stablecoins are used to beat the market’s volatility, and USDT has become one of the most popular stablecoins in that regard. Most other stablecoins are functionally the same, but it appears that Tether has an advantage over its competitors, possibly from the benefits of being a first-mover.

As for other features, there isn’t too much to say about Tether coin, given the fact that it is simply a stablecoin. Traders like the fact that the asset can be traded anywhere in the world and instantly be converted into the corresponding fiat currency. For citizens faced with their own volatile fiat currency, such as people from Venezuela, Lebanon, Turkey, and countless others, this also offers a non-volatile alternative for storing value.

Stablecoins don’t have very much use beyond the purpose of beating volatility and storing value on the blockchain. With these capabilities, one could argue that USDT and other stablecoins are among the most critical aspects of the market, certainly the decentralized finance market.

Many of DeFi’s top yield farming platforms have liquidity pools that feature a stablecoin, and USDT is a frequent presence in these groups.

How To Buy Tether

Buying Tether is fairly straightforward, as it is available on virtually every exchange, so both how and where to buy Tether should not be a problem, even for the most international casinosbie of cryptocurrency traders. To buy USDT, all you need to do is head on over to whichever exchange you use and make the corresponding transaction.

For storage, Tether wallets could be just about any wallet you use. MetaMask is one popular wallet, but any wallet that supports Ethereum tokens will suffice.

BEP-20 USDT and ERC-20 USDT are both supported on AtomicDEX — a non-custodial wallet and cross-chain/cross-protocol decentralized exchange rolled into one app.

Tether Coin Controversies

As far as development is concerned, there hasn’t been too much in the way of Tether international casinoss. However, in many other ways, you could say Tether is the busiest project of them all. One could go far as to say that among all the P2P network controversies that have taken place in the past, Tether has the unfortunate position of being the most controversial.

Years of scrutiny regarding its reserves have led to multiple controversies within and outside the crypto space. Many crypto enthusiasts have been calling for Tether to release a proper audit of its reserves, and Tether has yet to do this. It has released some other documents suggesting a lack of 1:1 reserves, but not an audit licensed by a third party.


As a major player in the cryptocurrency market, there is no doubt that Tether has a considerable part to play in market. However, there are concerns about its reserves and the backing of its large supply.

It appears that Tether is certainly here to stay and that it will plow through whatever legal disputes it may be facing. If it manages this, then Tether can certainly take the role of the market’s top stablecoin. However, that is still an open-ended question, so it’s worth keeping an eye on.

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live casino online pa<![CDATA[international casinos Academy | En]]>, 05 Jan 2022 18:16:18 GMT

Electra Coin is one of those projects. With nearly five years in the market, the asset has undergone quite a few significant changes as it contends with a international casinos crypto environment.

What Is Electra Coin?

Put simply, Electra Coin is a project that focuses on building a global payments system, with the ECA coin at the heart of its operations. The original idea was to create a system where customers, merchants, and everyday users could use the Electra Coin payments system for almost any day-to-day transaction.

The project was founded in 2017 and has undergone several reworkings to get where it is today. The current list of objectives, as stated in the latest whitepaper release, prioritizes three tasks:

  • Designing and building a cryptocurrency that remains at the cutting edge of technological developments
  • Creating a financial ecosystem that its stakeholders can rely on
  • Ensuring decentralization so that the community can have their say in the project's future development.

The Electra Coin project does not focus on particular niche use cases. Rather, it wants to build the best possible network for everyday payments on the network. Granted, it is up against some tough competitors with respect to its use case.

However, before dismissing Electra Coin, we should at least understand how it works and the features that distinguish it from other projects within the sector.

What Technical Choices Did Electra Coin Make?

The main features that set Electra Coin apart have to do with its technical design. It was through this design that it hoped to make its ECA coin suitable for everyday payments. Electra Coin initially started as a Proof of Work-based network. However, in 2017, it shifted to Proof of Stake.

Electra Coin makes use of a blockchain algorithm called NIST 5, which was developed following a 5-year study by the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The blockchain has a confirmation/block time of 64 seconds with a block size of 10 MB. It also supports atomic swaps and the Lightning Network.

It can approximately execute 1,600 transactions per second with SegWit. Transactions are claimed to cost 0.000001 ECA, which is near negligible.

All of these technical designs are aimed to facilitate an asset that can support a global merchants and payments ecosystem. To that end, Electra Coin does have a few interesting features.

Electra Coin: Long-Standing Project Undergoing Changes
A brief history of Electra Coin (ECA)

What Sets Electra Coin Apart?

To support its goal of becoming a global payments system, the team has focused on a few key priorities. However, all of that wouldn't be feasible without fundamental network changes. In 2019, it underwent a fork to upgrade this to , which made security and general improvements. One of the ways it did this was by introducing considerations for transaction depth in the stalking model.

The staking rewards of the PoSv3e mechanism encourages users to stay connected to the network. If a transaction has remained unspent for 12 hours, it is eligible to be selected to earn a staking reward and a block. The user's reward is then calculated based on a formula. If they aren't connected, they can't receive this extra reward.

Of course, the network is also more environmentally friendly because it is PoS-based. The team explicitly wanted to move away from cryptocurrency mining for this purpose. Furthermore, the latter, combined with the Lightning Network and SegWit, greatly increased the throughput of the network.

Without this additional throughput, Electra Coin wouldn't be able to create a family of products that it intends to offer as an all-encompassing ecosystem. This includes an Electra Coin wallet on all devices, merchant applications like plugins for eCommerce products, merchant mobile applications, point-of-sale terminals, and centralized online payment gateways.

But still, Electra Coin is currently undergoing massive changes. The international casinos team that has formed is deliberating how to proceed with the project, which is what the next section covers.

Electra Coin Is Undergoing Massive Changes

It's worth talking about how Electra Coin has changed over the years. The project has come a long way, so it's important to note how it plans to change things up in the future.

Between 2017 and late 2020, Electra Coin was focused on its old agenda. It started out as a PoW network that eventually switched to PoS, undergoing a few forks and upgrades before the international casinos project was announced in November 2020.

After that, since January 2021, Electra continued — but didn't really have a team. A few months later, in April 2021, a international casinos team was announced, making themselves responsible for the growth of the project moving. However, this international casinos team hasn't laid out its development plans yet.

As for its potential as a means of everyday payment, the future of Electra Coin remains to be seen. There are several international casinoser projects out there that already give the market mainstays like Bitcoin and Litecoin more of a competition. The Electra Coin price and success will depend on its ability to bolster its technical infrastructure to support everyday payments.

How To Buy Electra Coin

The question of how to buy Electra Coin is simple enough — you can buy it as you would any other asset. However, the question of where to buy Electra Coin is a little more challenging, as the asset is only available on only a few exchanges.

You can buy the ECA coin on Crex24, Coinfalcon, STEX, and C-Patex. Liquidity on this asset doesn't seem to be too high, so keep that in mind. ECA is also available on AtomicDEX — a non-custodial wallet and cross-chain/cross-protocol decentralized exchange rolled into one application. This makes AtomicDEX an ideal Electra Coin exchange and Electra Coin wallet.

A Long Road Ahead for Electra Coin

Electra Coin is quite an old asset that is attempting to compete with international casinoser assets. Its use case of becoming a coin for everyday payments will require some stellar features in order for it to become more widely used as a viable option. As it stands, an Electra Coin review would boil down to it being a middling competitor to more established assets.

However, the international casinos team is reviewing how the asset and network could be improved upon. There is hope in that, and by integrating more recent technical developments, the asset could perhaps make a big splash with a international casinos identity. That remains to be seen, but it is very well possible.

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